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Article by Dr.Kanam Sankara Pillai
Pathanamthitta, Kerala 26 July 2003 23:55

VELLALAS Cultivators of Tamilnadu ,Accountants & Village Officers According to "Keralolpathy "(Genesis of Keralam) Keralam was created by Parasu Rama one of the incarnations of Lord MahaVishnu.

He threw his Parasu (axe ) to the sea from Gokarnam and the sea withdraw to the point of fall (Kanyakumari).

After that he gifted the land to Brahmins. When he returned after some years, it was found that there was total anarchy due to the inefficient administrations of the then rulers.

So he brought efficient and experienced Rulers from Tamilnadu (Paradesom). They were called "Perumakkanmar". Keralam was under Perumal rule for many years and the last one was Cheraman Perumal who converted to Islam and migrated to Mecca.

During the Perumal rule they brought "Vellalas"-the cultivators and accountants of Tamilnadu - to Keralam .They settled permanently here and many of them became Traders and Accontants. They were posted as Accountants in Government posts and hence were called "KanakkaPilla".

In all "Mandapathinkal Vathilkkal"(Thaluk Head Quarters) there were Vellala houses. As Village officers ("Pillaannan") they were highly efficient .

In the famous Malayalam novel Kayar, Thakazhay Siva Sankara Pillai admires their efficiency in measurement of land. Vellalas are "Vaisyas" and majority were Saivas (follwers of Lord Siva).


The foster son of King Rajasekhara of Panthalam,  Ayyan Ayyappan was "Vellalakulajathan" (see: ancient Elaversevam Pattu) Also Read Aiyanar Ayyappan cult http://www.hindu.dk/1d/ar/Ai-Ai1200.pdf

Vellala Gems
Viraminda Nayanar of Chenganoor,
Thycaud Ayya swami Thiruvadikal the great Guru of
Sri Narayana Guru and
first Social reformer of Kerala,
Chief Secretary Thanu Pillai,
Novelist C. Madhavan Pillai (Alapuzha)
Kavimani D. Desa Nayakom Pillai,
Sangeetha Vidwan T.Lakshmanan Pillai ,
author of Manonmaneeyam Prof.Sundaram Pillai,
Finance minister PS. NataRaja Pillai
Scolar and author of
English-Malayalam Dictionary T.Ramalingom Pillai,
Vaikom Padmanbha Pillai ADC
of VeluThampy Dhalava Valiya Melezhuthu Pillai
Kuttamperoor Melekkattu BalaRaman Pillai Samprthy Pillai ,
his father YogeeswaranRaman Pillai
Vadakkamkoor Padathalavan Nanthiyattu Mootha Pillai,
 

Eravikutty Pillai who died Kaniyamkulam war,
Historian VK.Parameswaran Pillai ,
Humorist P.Subbayya Pillai
Prof.Erumely Parameswaran Pillai IMA National President
Dr.VC.Velayudhan Pillai,
(who got the first Best Doctor award of Kerala State) DME
Dr.P.Siva Sankara Pillai ,
Neurosurgeon Dr.Marthanda Pillaii,
Physio Therapist Dr.Rama Swami Pillai
 are noted vellalas.

Cultivators
Dravidians who did cultivation, using water were called "Vellalas"
( Castes & Tribes of South India - ET.Thurston, VII 361)

Plough was their symbol.

In Thelunku nadu they were called "Velar". In Karnataka they had a kingdom.

Those vellalas who migrated from banks of Ganga was called "Gangavamsa vellalar".

Their kingdom was "Ggangawathi".
Those vellalas who lived in Kongunadu was called "Gounders".

Ulkala (Orissa) was ruled by vellala kings in 11 century AD.

Mudaliars and Reddiars of Thontaimantalam
(Chengalpet & North Arcot Dists),

Pillai of Chola (Kumbakonam ,Thanchavoor,Thrissinappally)
Pillai of Pandya (Madura, Ramanathapuram, Thirunelveli)
and Gounder of Kongunadu (Coimbatore & Selam) were Vellalas .
 

They are either "sivas" or "vaishnavas". Some wear sacred thread . In "Pathittupathu" Vellalas were called "Uzhavar".

Vellala King Mavel Aai founder of "Aai vamsam" created the Venadu.

In Tharisappally sasan of 9th century AD, there is mention about Vellala -"velkulasundaran".(TAS II 70-80) In former Travancore and Kochi Vellalas were entrusted with account keeping. They were called "kanakkapillai" accountntant). Muthalpidi and parvathyakars of olden days were all vellalas.

Accountants were respectfully called "Pillaiannan". In all village head quarters and in all the mandapthum vathilkal (Taluk office) there were vellalas and their families.

During the reign of Balarama Varma who came after Dharma Raja, the melezhuthu pillai (Chief secretary) was vellala The Dalavas of Marthandavarmm, Arumugham and Thanu Pillai were vellalas Viranminda Nayanar of Chenganoor who donated lands for the Mahadevar templethere, was a vellala.

Temples in Kerala built by Vellalas.

Aanakulangara Devi temple, Palai built in AD1725

Achankovil Sastha Temple-Karappuswami priest is a Vellala

Angalamman Kovil,
 
Erattupetta Annamalai Temple,

Karikkodu,

Thodupuzha Chenganoor temple

managed by Viraminda Nayanar Chotty
by Chottudayar Ghandari Amman kovil near Secretariat Trivandrum

Kanjirappally Madura Meenakshy Kovil,

North & South Ganapathyar Kovils (AD 1150& 1450)

Kakkatukoickal Temple,

R-Perunadu,

Pathanamthitta Erumely Kotchamplam built by Perisseri Pillai of Putheveedu Kondoor by Kondudayan Mankompu Devi
temples in Moonnilavu Palai, Arakkulam, Thrikkariyur, Parappuzha Edamaruku, Kooroppada, Thalavadi etc

Meenachil Valyakunnel Devi Temple Puliyannur, Palai Thidanadu by ThiruvudayarThattarakathu Vellappatu Devi Temple, Palai Thycaud Sivan Kovil -site of Samadhi of Swamikal

Vellalars are agricultural people and in Tamilnadu they are classified into Vellalars and Karalars. Vellalars are one who control the "Vellam" i.e floods in the river and grow crops and Karalars are one who control "Kar" i.e Clouds in the form of Tanks and Lakes and grow crops.

Later when Southern parts of Tamilnadu came into the control of Telegu Nayak  Chieftains, both Vellars and Karalars(Karkathars) came to work under the chieftains.

They maintained Accounts in palayakaras offices, and hence they assumed  the title kanakku "pillays "and then Pillays. The Three layersVellalas in Tamilnadu are concerned, they have broadly three layers. The first layer consists of  Saiva Vellalars (Saiva Mudaliars and Pillais). They are vegetarian, literate and  sophisticated like Brahmins except priestly duties but also were major landowners,  feudal lords and powerful like Rajputs or Thakurs of Northern India except individual violent nature of Rajputs and were village administrators like Kayasthas of Central and Eastern India. There are a number of sub-castes/clans among them like Thondaimandala vellalar, Karkatha vellalar, Tirunelveli saiva vellalar, etc., and most of them intermarry these days.

The second layer consists of a number of unique castes, which do not intermarry at all. The castes like  Kongu Vellalar, (Western Tamilnadu) Pandia Vellalar,(Madurai) Chozhia Vellalar, (Trichy & Thanjavur) Tuluva Vellalar (North Tamilnadu), Arcot Mudaliar, (North Tamilnadu) Nanjil Vellalar (Kanya Kumari) are concentrated in specific parts of Tamilnadu and are similar to Reddies, Kammas, Vokkaligas and Lingayats.
 

Equating them to Jats may not be appropriate since these vellala castes have a long-standing history of agriculture and leadership whereas Jats have grown to the current position recently and are considered not very cultured in Northern India. But care has to be taken with reference to Lingayats.

Lingayat is a large conglomeration that has the top creamy layer similar to Vellalars (Patels, Patils, etc.,) but also has other caste groupings like Barber, Washerman, etc., within it. The third layer consists of certain castes who have started using the title of vellalar like Isai vellalar (Temple musicians and dancers), Devendrakula Vellalars (Pallars, agricultural labourers), etc., SANKRITIZATION.

Although the tamil word Vellala means the cultivator, there is ample evidence to indicate that the original Chera ,Chola and Pandia Kingswere Vellalas. Today vellalas in Tamil nadu is a miniscule minority in southern districts. They are less than 7% of population.

In Kerala and Sree Lanka vellalas are thriving.50% of Sri Lankan origin Tamilians are vellalas. Almost all political, business and academic leadership of Tamil community of Sri Lanka has been provided by vellalas.

Many castes merged into vellala. 'Kalarum maravarum agamuditarum mella mella koodi vellalar aayinere"- so goes the saying.

Which means Kalar,Maravar and Agamudaiyar, the three power castes from  South Tamilnadu assumed Vellala ID with the accumilation of wealth.


This happens in Elankai too. Many including Malayalee Nairs have took Vellala ID with them .This is called "sankritization".

Regarding Ayyappan , in Elankai, Ayyanar  Swami and among Singalees Ayyanakaye are popular deities.

ORIGIN OF PILLAI.
Since, time immemorial , clans existed among Dravidians; but they cannot be equated to castes of later periods. The "Tholkappiam" tells about four groups .

The conversion of clans to caste system - right hand caste and left hand caste - occurred during Chola ( Kulothunga-AD 1110 ) period.

The caste system got a firm footing after the arrival of Ariyans.

Initially there were only two classes:
Those who owned land or go to war and those who depend on manual labour for living ( artisans, weavers, farm labourers etc) formed first group.

Brahmins were on the top in society and second came Velalars(cultivators ) , chettiyars (business men) ,warriors (Thevar , Kallar , Vanniar ).

Others were below these. Due to the process called "sankritization"(every caste takes up the habits and customs of its immediate superior to reach the superior status..) many of Kallars , Maravars and Vanniars became Vellalars .

Some section of vellalas gave up meat eating and became vegetarians-  they were called "Saiva Vellalas ".This process started in Pallalav period.

The Saiva Vellalas carry titles like PILLAI and Mudaliar , depending in the area of domicile.

The saiva vellalas of Pandia and Chola Kingdoms carry the title "PILLAI" and those from Pallalva Kingdom used to carry the title MUDALIARA

anakulangara Bhagavathy temple Aanakulangara Bhagavathy temple in  Arunapuram, Palai, is one of the oldest temples in Kerala. Vellalas from different parts of Tamilnadu migrated to Malanadu of Kerala. They were called Thenkasy vellalar  (Anjoottikkar-500 families) , Kumbakona vellalar etc.From Thenkasi they migrated to different parts of Thodupuzha .

They built the Mankombu Bhagavathy temple. Vellalas from Kumbakonam got settled at Erattupetta and Poonjar. They built the Ankalamman Kovil .In Puliyannoor, Ezhacherry ,Arunapuram Panthathala, Mevada, Meenachil and Poovarani (all in Meenachil Taluk)Vellalas from Kaveripoompattanam settled. They built the temples at Puliyannoor ,Thidanadu ,Aanakulangara (Arunapuram) ,Thattarakathu ,Kondoor ,Chotty , Kanjirappally and Meenachil Valiyakunnel .


"Kondudayar" built the Kondoor temple, Chottudayar" the Chotty temple "Thiruvudayar" built Thidanadu temple and "Kazhivudayar" built the Kanjirappally Ganapathiyar Kovil. The Vellappattu temple of Palai was also built by Vellalas.

The site where Vellalas used to sing became Vellappattu. According a Thamra Sasan Vaisyas came from Kaveripoompattanam built Puliyannoor temple in AD 1242.Vellalas constructed the Palai market.


From the Vellala family name of Palath the place name Palai was derived. Late M.P.George Thomas Kottukappally was once the accountant of Palath family.

(see his biography) "VELLALA PILLAI" OF KANJIRAPPALLYA
beautiful temple Ganapathy Koil built in granite, stands as a testimony to the early Tamil influence in religion and culture.
 

There is also indications that Tamil rulers of Kanjirappally levied tax on live stock or Pothimadu to supplement income to another temple Bhagavathi Shri Madura Meenakshi.The next batch of Hindu settlers came two centuries later.They too were traders by profession. Hailing from Kumbhakonam they were called" Vellala Pillas".
 

Thoug they were merchantsthey gradually took to farming.
The vellalas attended the Ganapathiyar Koil for worship but later they built anothertemple on the northern side of the temple property, called northern Ganapathiyar Koil in Pallava style of architecture.

During the reign of Thekkum koor Raja these Vellala Pillas became highly influential and another temple by the side of River Chittar in the name Madura Meenakshi was built."Vellalar kula jathan" AYYAN AYYAPPAN of SABARIMALA About ten generations back there lived a Vellala youth by name Kandan Ayyan alia Kandan Ayyappan in Erumely , Kottayam district of Kerala in India.We do not know anything about Ayyan's parents except that his father was one Kandan and uncle was one Perissery Pillai.

He became the army chief of Pandalam Royal family. Ayyan was instrumental in the defeat of Udayanan , who attacked Sabarimala and tried to demolish the ancient Sastha temple in the thick forest of present Pathanamthitta district.
 
The Royal family of Pandalam (King Pandian ) was migrated
 from Tamilnadu about 800 years back .Ayyan's family belonged
to "Vellalar kulam", followed them.Rajasekharan ,the Pandian King,
reconstructed the destroyed Sastha temple at Sabarimala with the help
of Ayyan , Vavar , a Muslim youth from Kanjirappally and Kadutha,
a Nair youth from Muzhukkeer ,Chengannoor, Alapuzha district .
During the clash Ayyappan was killed. Perissery Pillai ,
the uncle ofAyyan constrcted the old small Sastha temple (kotchanpalam)
at Erumely opposite the Vavar Mosque constructed by Muslims in memory of
Vavar.Temple made in memory of Kadutha is seen in Sabarimala .
 

After the death of Ayyappan people thought that he as the avathar of  Lord Sastha and began to worship him .Later Sastha and Ayyappan became synonyms. Some say that Ayyan was the son of a member of royal family but Nalankal Krishna Pillai in his book Mahashekthrangulkku Munpil says that Brahmins had never the name Ayyan or Ayyappan.

In the age old Eelaversevam pattu (songs of Elavar sevam, see ref.no.3) it is clearly stated that Kandan Ayyan belonged to Vellalar kulam. Near the Sree Ayyappa talkies in Erumely, Kottayam dist there is a Vellala house called Puthanveedu, In the same compound there is one 300 year old ,thatched, diapilated mud house, the house of Perissery Pillai.

There we can, even today see the old sword used by Ayyappan. Even now Ayyappan/Ayyan Pillai is very common among Vellalas
of Kottayam Alapuzha, Pathanamthitta, Idikki and Ernakulam districts.

A number of Ayyappan kovils are built by Vellala community, migrated from Tamilnadu following the Pandian King. Lakhs and lakhs of Tamilians come to Sabarimala every year to worship Tamil origin Vellalar kula jathanAyyan Ayyappan of Sabarimala in Pathanamthitta dist of Kerala.

Two Netizen groups have been formed to spread these facts Kindly join them by sending e-mails
vellalaindia-subscribe@egroups.com
sabarimala-ayyappan-subscribe@egroups.com

REFERENCES:
1. Mahashektrangalkku Munpil,
NBS 1st Edn. 1969 Nalankal Krishna Pillai

2. Pettathullalum Kshethra Puravrithangalum 1977
Dr.Kanam Sankara Pillai

3. Sreebhothaonatha Srvaswam 16th Edn.1998
Kurumulloor Narayana Pillai

4. Dravida Samskaram Sahyadry sanukkalil 1stEdn.1987
V.R.Parameswaan Pillai

5.Social History of the Tamilians.
DK 1st Edn 1996 P.Subramanian

AYYAVU SWAMIKAL The Great Vellala

Yogi Sivarajayogi Ayya Swami Thiruvadikal was the Guru of Sree Narayana Guru , Chattampi Swamikal and Ayyankal.

He was the First and the Greatest social reformer of Kerala. He was a Yogi cum Family man Ayyaswamikal started "Panthbhojanam" in Kerala.

He argued that any Yogi can install idols in temples, that inspired Sreenarayan Guru to install idols "Oru jathy, oru matham ,oru Daivom" is his teaching.

Sreenarayan Guru popularized the slogan. The Thycaud Ayyaswami
Trust & Temples are made in memory of this Great Guru of GuruBiodataHis original name was Subbarayan.
 
He lived during the period of 1814-1909 His parents were Sri.Muthukumaran(Nakalapuram-TN) and Smty.Rugmini Ammal (Kollam)

He was Manager of Thycaud Residency. His deciples were Chempazhanthy Nanu (Sree NarayanaGuru) Kollur Kunjan Pillai (Chattampi Swamikal) Swayam Prakasa Yogini Amma Kollathamma AyyanKali A.R.Raja Raja Varma
Chithramezhuthu Ravi Varma
Appavu Vakil Thottahil Raman Kaniyar
Manakkattu Bhavani Fernandez,
PettaThakkala Peer Mohammad
Velutheri Kesavan Vaidhyar Makkadi Labba
etc.etc ( more than 50 )

His works Brahmothara Khandom
Ulloor amarntha Guhan·Ramayanam Bala khandom ,·
Ente Kasi yathraPazhani vybhavom, Hanuman pamalai Ramayanam pattu Ujjayani mahakali pancharatnam Thiruvaroor murukan Kumarakovil murukan

The Doctrine he propagated "Intha ulakathile orae oru jathy than, Orae oru matham than,orae oru kadavul than"


(" Oru jathy ,Oru matham, Oru Daivom"  Malayalam translation by Sree Narayan Guru.)-

References:
1.Sivarajayogi Thycaud Ayyaswami
Thuruvadikal-A.C.Raja
2.Brhamasree Thycaud Ayyaswamikal-Ayyamission,
Thiruvananthapuram
3.Sree Narayana Guru Sathavarshika Smaraka Grantham(1954)
4.Upahara Mala(1950)-Salkavi P.K.Kesavan
5.Sree Narayan Gurudevan(1971)-
P.Parameswaran6.Guru(1996)-K.surendran
7.Thiruvithamkoorile Mahanmar(1121)-
Sooranadu Kunjan Pillai
8.Albutha SidhanSree narayana Parama guru(1974)-
VidhvanK.E.Neelakondan
9.Vivekodayam (1084 Karkidakom)-Kesari BalaKrishna Pillai
10.upahara Malika( 20.4.1950)-Kesari Bala Krishna Pillai
11.Ayyankali-T.P.H.Chentharassery
12.Chattampi swamikalum Navothanavum-K.G.neelakandan Nair
13.Sree Narayan Paramahamsan-Pandit K.K.Panicker
14.Narayana guru(1978)-Prof.M.K.Sanu
15.http://expage.com/page/guruofsreenarayanaguru
16.http://expage.com/page/ayya
17.http://expage.com/page/ayyavu
18 http://expage.com/page/thycaud
19 http://expage.com/page/sivarajayoga
20.Dravid Samskaram Sahyadrisanukkalil-VR.Parameswaran Pillai
21.www.kanjirappally.com
22.www.palai.com
23.Castes & Tribes of South India - ET.Thurston, VII 361
24.Rajesh G Pillai-Pampavalley Civilization Research Centre, Aranmula
25.Petta thullalum kshethrapuravrithangalum PK.Sankara Pillai& Dr.Kanam Sankara Pillai
26. http://expage.com/kannaki
27. http://expage.com/ganapathiyarkovil
28. http://expage.com/anakulangara
 

Padmanabhan Neela Padmanabhan
is an eminent novelist whose work Generations, is considered a masterpiece in Tamil and has been translated into nine Indian languages.

One of the most distinguished writers from South India, noted for his identification with the suffering sections of humanity, he has authored 16 novels, 8 volumes of poems and 3 volumes of essays in Tamil and 8 volumes of short stories and 1 novel in Malayalam.

Pillays Vellalars are agricultural people and in Tamilnadu they are classified into Vellalars and Karalars. Vellalars are one who control the "Vellam" (i.e floods) in the river and grow crops and Karalars are one who control "Kar"( i.e Clouds)in the form of Tanks and Lakes and grow crops. Later when Southern parts of Tamilnadu came into the control of Telegu Nayak Chieftains both Vellalars and Karalars (Karkathars) came to work under the chieftains. They maintained Accounts in palayakaras (village) offices, and hence they assumed the title “kanakku pillays” - then Pillays.

Vellalar The standard theory is that it derived from Velanmai (ie is to cultivate), to control floods (ie Vellam). is not the standard theory but a new one has emerged that is it is derived from Vel (to win) to control to take as well as a lance an old and archaic Tamil weapon.

Cultivation in South Asia spread by force, people would move out into virgin land, which was used by tribal people for slash and burn agriculture or for hunting and convert into prime agricultural land. This involved force as well as forced conscription of slave like labor who usually was the original inhabitants of land who end up being menial bonded laborers in their own land.

Tamils as an archaic society maintained the original meaning of the word for cultivators as warrior farmers although all societies used it across the globe and in particular across South Asia.

This was a honorific title of select few people who would organize such raids and settlements (like chiefs) which spread to all including that of all ulavar- the actual Tamil name for cultivators. Similar treatment can be seen in the spread of titles such as Naidu and Gounda.

Today everybody uses it but once it was restricted to village headman. The Brahmins did not have the slightest chance of imposing their hegemony over the vellahlas.

“They (the Brahmins) were greatly outnumbered by the Vellalas, the leading agriculturalists on whom the Tamil kingdom was based. The Vellalas never gave up their ascendancy and were under no pressure to do so by the Brahmins. The only function of the Brahmins was to perform rituals in temples and at other social ceremonies.

Brahmins were, more or less, in the employ of the Vellalas, officiating in temples owned and managed by them. The political and economic ascendancy of the Vellalas has been carried into the modern democratic system by their numerical preponderance.

The Vellalas were thus the key caste in the Tamil social system. They dominated the village and ran its affairs. The numerous other castes served the Vellahlas.” (CEYLON , S. Arasaratnam – p. 110)

Three layers as far as Vellalas in Tamilnadu are concerned, they have broadly three layers. The first layer consists of Saiva Vellalars (Saiva Mudaliars and Pillais).

They are vegetarian, literate and sophisticated like Brahmins except priestly duties but also were also major landowners, feudal lords and powerful like Rajputs or Thakurs of Northern India except individual violent nature of Rajputs and were village administrators like Kayasthas of Central and Eastern India.

There are a number of sub-castes/clans among them like Thondaimandala vellalar, Karkatha vellalar, Tirunelveli saiva vellalar, etc., and most of them intermarry these days.The second layer consists of a number of unique castes which do not intermarry at all.

The castes like Kongu Vellalar, (Western Tamilnadu) Pandia Vellalar,(Madurai) Chozhia Vellalar,(Trichy & Thanjavur) Tuluva Vellalar (North Tamilnadu), Arcot Mudaliar,(North Tamilnadu) Nanjil Vellalar (Kanya Kumari) are concentrated in specific parts of Tamilnadu and are similar to Reddies, Kammas, Vokkaligas and Lingayats.

Equating them to Jats may not be appropriate since these vellala castes have a long standing history of agriculture and leadership whereas Jats have grown to the current position recently and are considered not very cultured in Northern India.

But care has to be taken with reference to Lingayats. Lingayat is a large conglomeration that has the top creamy layer similar to Vellalars (Patels, Patils, etc.,) but also has other caste groupings like Barber, Washerman, etc., within it.

The third layer consists of certain castes who have started using the title of vellalar like Isai vellalar (Temple musicians and dancers), Devendrakula Vellalars (Pallars, agricultural labourers), etc., --- Vellalas Does anyone know if the Saiva vellalar community belongs to the Vaisya varna as spoken of in the Hindu 'saastram' - since they are involved in trade and agriculture. if so - then vellalars, at least the saiva vellalars (pillai-mudaliar- chettiyar) should be entitled to get ceremonies done in vedic way, and not puranic way which is reserved for sudra/laborer community.

According to V.Kanakasabhai - vellalars constitute the ulavar community in the Tolkappiyam -equivalent to Ksatriya-Vaisya varna.

baramahal records say that in the mythology - the vellalar was born from the banks of ganga nadi, making them Ganga-vamsa, and on the creation of the vellalars the daivangal (deities) invested him with poonool(sacred thread), to show he is dvija (belongs to vaisya caste) from his birth.

Pillai may stand for Saiva pillai from Tirunelveli region or other non veg Pillai from Tamilnadu also Saiva Pillai means a Pillaimar who worship Lord Siva of Saiva religion. 'Saiva' generally refers to those who adopt the vegetarian diet, apart from the Sivan.

hence Saiva Pillais are entirely vegetarian, whereas other Pillais are not.

Pillai is "little one" referring to wrong side of bed i.e. kids of unofficial wife no 2, 3 etc. It is not a slur.


In those days this was the normal behavior. Kings' son fitzroy is Pillai. It was considered matter of honor to be son of great king.

Article written by:
Keralacjep_sa@yahoo.com
kalees@hotmail.com
tawady@yahoo.com
Dr.MA.Pillai BAM .MBBS .MS,
Adoor Dr.CS.G.Pillai,MSc.PhD,
Pramadom Dr.Kanam Sankara Pillai,
Pandalam Adv.Sunil Pillai BSc BL
Trivandrum PK.Sankara Pillai,
AnickaduChidambaram Pillai, Chethalai

Kerala Nair History, article by Rajiv Nair



Famous Kerala Pillai-Menon-Nair MGR

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._G._Ramachandran

Sir, The nairs are the descendents of the Nagas who happen to be also the only survivors of the Mahabharatha war at Kurukshetra.Parusarama is the Kalari guru and it is said that he taught the Nairs how to fight and the art of Kalari..and so it bacame an art form of the Nairs.Also what we can now understand is that the Chera kings probably were Nagas...the word chera means snake in malayalam of today.But the Chera empire had already declined by the time the Brahmana came from the north.Once aryanised,the Brahmins had no problem in making them kings..There is an ancient story of a Chera king Vel Kuttavan throwing the spear into the sea to raise Kerala. This was reinterpreted as Parasurama throwing his axe into the sea to reclaim Kerala.The Brahman do not accept the Nairs as Kshatriya because they do not accept the Aryan varna system which places the Brahman at the top. It is evident that in the ancient Varna system the Kshatriya was the highest caste in the Hindu varna system.Parasurama therefore had to annihilate the Kshatriya to establish Brahman.He did so 21 times..21 vamshas...and then handed the axe to his guru Kashyapa..Kashyapa then probably gave the axe to
his sons...the Rajput in the north(The Sissodiya Rajput of Ramgarh claim that they are Naga..one of the highest houses)...also this explains mostly everything the surname Nair..the sarpa kavs at the back of evry Nair house etc.Also the words Nagar which means city and probably even Nayak is derived from Naga..these were later used by the Aryans to mean city and city administrator and given to seperate castes to denote leader..only title and not necessarily same caste..Naik in Karnataka were Brahmana....so these are again very interesting facts i collected.Also the title Pillai could also just mean eldest son to indicate who gets the property..but it is interesting that in Kerala too the Pillai are mostly in the southern partsand in the northern parts only in Palakkad.My grandad was Raman Pillai and he was also a close friend of Mannathu Padmanabhan the founder of NSS. My dads uncle was MN Govindan Nair,one of the CMS of kerala and they are both from Pandalam which is the birthplace of Lord Ayyappa and the Pandyas were always ruling there.Nice to know that they were Vellanattu pillai.

Thankyou,  Rajeev. [rajeev_dev7@...]

for more on vellala, mudaliar castes: http://www.mudaliars.co.nr/
for more on nairs, bunts, nadaars visit : www.mudaliars.0catch.com/buntnair.htm

Kerala is a Vellala Nadu
 http://www.thrikodithanam.org/history.htm

bulletThrikodithanam was the capital of a prosperous kingdom called Nanrulainattu நன்ருளை நாட்டு ("Land of Farmers"). The kingdom covered an area from the north of Odanaadu to south of the present Kottayam town. The eastern boundary of this kingdom extended till Thiruvalvandoor. The temples of Thrikodithanam, Perunnayanallur (Perunna today) and Thiruvalvandoor were within this kingdom.
 
bulletTamil was the common spoken language. Royal decrees were in Tamil too. It was written in the rounded Vattezhutthu script.
 
bulletManipravalam, a mixture of Tamil and Sanskrit, was used by the temple priests.
 
bulletThey Spoke, wrote in Tamil. So they are basically Tamils settled in Kerala.
 
bulletMany other lower castes lived around the Vellala Nadu Nattar-parambu, Kaniyan-Parambu (Goldsmiths), Mannaru-kunnil, Valan-parambu, Kollan-parambu etc
 
bulletUnder the leadership of PALLIPURAM V. NARAYANA PILLAI, a society for popularizing science - Vigyaanodaya Samajam and the Laxmibai Library was established at Thrikodithanam in 1880.

 

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